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Zihni Derin (an haifeshi 1880, Muğla - ranar mutu 25 ga Agusta 1965, Ankara), masanin kimiyyar turanci, malamin. Daga aikin shayi a Turkiyya ya haifar da qaddamarwa da yaduwa; An sani shi da "mahaifin shayi".


An haife shi a Mugla a 1880. Mahaifinta Mehmet Ali Bey, dan asalin Kuloğulları ne na Muğla. Makarantar Sakandare ta Muğla a shekarar 1897, Makarantar Aikin Gona na Tasalonika a shekarar 1900, 1904 Halkalı Ya kammala a Makarantar Aikin Noma. A shekarar 1905, ya fara aiki a matsayin ma'aikacin gwamnati tare da aikin ma'aikatar kula da gandun daji na lardin Aydın.

Rayuwar Ma'aikata

Ya zama mai binciken a cikin gandun daji a cikin 1907 bayan ya yi aiki a matsayin Inspector Clerk a cikin Rhodes (kamar yadda aka san shi da Algeria-i Bahr-i Sefid lardin) Inspector Clerk, Gediz da Simav.

Ya yi aiki a matsayin mai ilmin sunadarai, fasahar aikin gona da kuma mahalli a Makarantar Aikin Gona ta Tasalonika daga 1909 zuwa 1912. Ya auri Maide Hanim a Tasaloniiki a shekarar 1911; Yana da 'ya'ya uku daga wannan aure.

Ya yi aiki a matsayin malami a Bursa tsakanin 1914-1920 kuma ya yi aiki a matsayin Mataimakin Darakta na Bursa National Education.

Kasancewa cikin Yaki na Kasa

Ya bar Bursa tun kafin mamayar Girka a shekarar 1920 ya koma Ankara; Ya zama Babban Darakta na Janar na Noma a Ma'aikatar tattalin arziki, wanda Gwamnatin Governmentan gwagwarmaya ta kafa; Ya ci gaba da wannan matsayin har zuwa 1924.

Ayyukan shayi na farko

A watan Afrilun 1921, ya shiga cikin Ankara a matsayin wakilin ma'aikatar tattalin arziki a cikin kwamiti wanda wakilan ma'aikatar suka halarta don tattauna matsalolin tattalin arziki da zamantakewar al'umma a kasar. Bayan Juyin Juya Halin Rasha, tare da rufe iyakar Batumi, an ba shi aikin bincike don samar da sabbin ayyukan yi a Gabas ta Tsakiya, inda matsalar rashin aikin yi da matsalolin tsaro suka yawaita. Halkalı Ya karanta rahoton da Ali Rıza Bey, daya daga cikin Malaman Makarantar Noma ta Sakkwato ya yi, sakamakon jarrabawar da ya yi a Batumi a 1917. A cikin rahoton, an bayyana shi tare da dalilai cewa yana yiwuwa a shuka shayi a kusa da Rize. Zihni Derin ya karanta rahoton kwakwalwar Ali Rıza ga kwamatin a Rize, an yanke shawarar kafa asibitin don fara aikace-aikacen.

Zihni Bey, wanda aka aiko shi zuwa Rize a 1923 don kafa shayi da kuma maganin citta, ya fara aiki a ƙasa mai faɗi 15 a Dutsen Garal, wanda ke cikin baitulmalin. Ya ga cewa irin shayin da wasu masu sha'awar sha'awa suka kawo daga Batumi kuma suka dasa a matsayin kyawawan tsire-tsire a cikin yankin sun bunkasa sosai; A cikin shekarar 1924, ya ziyarci Batumi ya kuma bincika lambunan shayi, masana'antar shayi da Cibiyar Binciken Tsirrai na Astropical da Russia ta kafa. Ya kawo tsaba masu shayi da kuma saplings din da ya kawo tare da shi, 'ya'yan itacen Citrus da wasu nau'ikan' ya'yan itace, bamboo rhizomes zuwa gandun daji. Ya kammala cewa yanayin da yanayin yankin ya dace da bunkasa shayi. Ya yi ƙoƙarin kawo saplings daga Batumi ya rarraba su ga jama'a, amma wannan ƙoƙarin na farko, wanda bai sami cikakkiyar kulawa ba, ya gaza.

Zihni Derin, wanda ya dawo matsayinsa a Ankara, ya shirya gabatar da doka kan wannan batun kuma an zartar da kudirin tare da goyon bayan wakilan Rize na wancan lokacin a ranar 6 ga Fabrairu, 1924 kuma aka kirga 407. Law, lardin Rize da Borcka Crash; Hazelnut, Orange, lemun tsami, Tangerine, Dokar Tea ta fara aiki a ƙarƙashin sunan Noma.

Komawa ga koyarwa

Sakamakon rashin dokar da aka kafa da kuma rashin ilimin mutanen yankin dangane da aikin shayi, Zihni Bey ya koma wurin koyar da koyar da sana'o'i yayin da aka dakatar da ayyukan shayi. Ya koyar a makarantu daban-daban a Istanbul. Ya ci gaba da koyarwa a Ankara tun daga 1930.

Kungiyar shayi

Bayan harkar shayi ta sake komawa kan batun sake zama a cikin kasar, an nada shi a matsayin mai ba da shawara a kan aikin ba da shawara kan aikin gona na Thrace a shekarar 1936 da Babban mai ba da shawara na Ma’aikatar Aikin Gona a shekarar 1937.

A Agricungiyar Noma, wadda za a kafa a Rize da kewayenta a 1938, taken mai shirya shayi ya yi aiki sosai don yada ayyukan shayi. Bayan ya yi ritaya saboda iyaka a shekarar 1945, ya ci gaba da aiki a matsayin mai tsara a Ma’aikatar Aikin Gona.

Ya zama dan takarar Mataimakin Shugaban kasa a Rize a zabukan 1950; amma ya kasa shiga majalisar.

Mutuwa

Zihni Derin, wanda aka kira shi a matsayin bako na girmamawa ga bikin "Shekaru 27 na Shayi" wanda aka gudanar a Rize a 1960 bayan juyin mulkin ranar 1964 ga Mayu, 40, ya mutu a 25 ga Agusta 1965 a Ankara.

An ɗauka cewa aikinsa ya cancanci Kyautar TÜBİTAK a shekarar 1969.



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