Menene Coronavirus kuma yaya ake yada shi?

menene coronavirus
menene coronavirus

Coronavirus (Coronavirus) an fara ganin shi a cikin mutane 29 da ke aiki a kasuwa suna sayar da abincin teku da dabbobi masu rai a Wuhan, China, a ranar 2019 ga Disamba, 4, mutane da yawa da suka ziyarci wannan kasuwa a wannan ranakun suna asibiti tare da korafi iri ɗaya. Sakamakon nazarin samfuran da aka karɓa daga marasa lafiya, an bayyana cewa kwayar cutar da ke haifar da cutar an fahimci cewa ta fito ne daga dangin ƙwayar cutar ta SARS da MERS. A ranar 7 ga Janairu, Hukumar Lafiya ta Duniya ta sanar da sunan sabon bullar cutar a matsayin "New Coronavirus 2019 (2019-nCoV)". Sannan cutar ta kasance mai suna Kovid-19 (Covid-19).

MENE NE CORONAVIRUS?


Coronaviruses babban iyali ne na ƙwayoyin cuta waɗanda zasu iya kamuwa da ɗan adam kuma ana iya gano su a wasu nau'in dabbobi (cat, raƙumi, bat). Coronaviruses yana yaduwa tsakanin dabbobi na iya canzawa akan lokaci da samun ikon kamuwa da ɗan adam, ta haka ya fara ganin abubuwan ɗan adam. Koyaya, waɗannan ƙwayoyin cuta suna haifar da barazanar ga mutum bayan sun sami damar ɗaukar kwayar cutar daga mutum zuwa mutum. Kovid-19 kwayar cuta ce da ta bulla a maziyarcin babban birnin Wuhan, kuma ta sami damar yada kwayar cutar daga mutum zuwa mutum.

YAYA CORONAVIRUS ZAI ZO?

Sabuwar coronavirus, kamar sauran coronaviruses, ana tsammanin ana ɗaukar shi ta hanyar ruɗar iska. Ruwan iska na iska wanda yake dauke da tari, hancin, da dariya, da kwayar cutar da ke yaduwa zuwa mahalli yayin magana, tuntuɓar mucous membranes na mutane masu lafiya kuma yana haifar da rashin lafiya. Ana buƙatar kusancin kusanci (kusan 1 mita) don cutar ta watsa daga mutum zuwa mutum ta wannan hanyar. Kodayake binciken irin su haɓaka rashin lafiya a cikin mutanen da basu taɓa zuwa kasuwar dabbobi ba waɗanda kuma ba su da lafiya sakamakon tuntuɓar marasa lafiya, har yanzu ba a san ma'aikacin lafiyar ba game da wane irin cutar ne 2019-nCoV. Muhimmin abin da ke tantance yadda annobar za ta ci gaba ita ce yadda za a iya yada kwayar cutar a hankali daga mutum zuwa mutum da kuma yadda nasarar nasarar daukar matakan da suka wajaba. Idan akai la'akari da bayanin yau, ana iya faɗi cewa 2019-nCoV ba a gurbata da abinci ba (nama, madara, ƙwai, da sauransu).


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