Rahoton UT ReportKAD Rajistar Abubuwan Raba-Manhajar Abubuwan Lura sun haɗu a cikin 2019

Rahoton sashen hada-hadar kayayyakin aiki na utikad shima ya hada da nazarci na musamman.
Rahoton sashen hada-hadar kayayyakin aiki na utikad shima ya hada da nazarci na musamman.

UTİKAD, rsungiyar Bayar da Ma’aikatar Kula da Sufuri da Lantarki ta Internationalasa, ta wallafa rahoton da zai yiwa sashen alama. Rahoton, wanda aka shirya dangane da ilimi da kwarewar Ma'aikatar Harkokin Sashen Harkokin UTİKAD, ya sanya hannu ta hannun Manajan Harkokin Yanki na Alperen Güler.


Motsawa daga logistics na duniya, Rahoton UTİKAD Logistics Sector Report 2019, wanda ke bincika ci gaban masana'antar ƙididdigar Turkiyya a cikin 'yan shekarun nan kan tsarin sufuri tare da bayanan ƙididdiga, ya haɗa da mahimman abubuwan da suka shafi masana'antar daga Brexit zuwa manufofin ƙasa da ƙasa.

Shugaban Kamfanin na UT UKAD Alperen Güler ya gabatar da rahoton da aka raba wa jama'a a taron 'Yan Jaridu na gargajiya na UTİKAD wanda aka gudanar a ranar 9 ga Janairu, 2020. Ga zana tsarin gudanar da dabaru kansu a Turkey, bangaren masu ruwa da tsaki, zama tushen tunani na kansu zuwa jami'o'i da kuma kafofin watsa labarai, Turkey ta waje cinikayya rahoton tattalin bayani dalilai na hannun jari da kuma ci gaban kai halaye featured Adadin labarai:

ME YA SA BREXIT yake da mahimmanci?

Me yasa tsari na Burtaniya ya fice daga Tarayyar Turai da ake kira Brexit yana da mahimmanci a gare mu? Tarayyar Turai sau da yawa yana bayyana azaman tsarin siyasa, amma haƙiƙa akwai kasuwa gama gari da ƙungiyar kwastam. Barin Biritaniya daga wannan kungiyar zai sanya Ingila ta zama kasa ta uku a gaban Tarayyar Turai. Wannan yana nufin cewa dubban kamfanonin cinikayya na waje da dabaru waɗanda suka amfana da yarjejeniyar membobin EU a baya dole ne su kiyaye da sababbin ka'idodi yayin ciniki tare da Burtaniya. Saboda haka gaskiya cewa UK kwastan hanyoyin, tariffs, cinikayya abokan a biyu da EU a kan batutuwa kamar shigo da fitarwa bayyane, kazalika da sabon aikace-aikace domin sayar da abokan in Turkey za a hannu. A wannan yanayin da muke dubi Ingila zuwa Turkey Turkey ta 15 da miliyan dollar cinikayya da kuma a cikin na musamman girma na $ 5 biliyan cinikayya ragi wannan tambaya. Ya ce girma na rike da inganta Brexit kusa idanu na aiwatar da gida da kasashen waje cinikayya da kuma dabaru kansu a Turkey ne na muhimmancin gaske.

US-CHINA SANARWA SANARWA

Tsarin, wanda aka ayyana a matsayin yaƙe-yaƙe tsakanin Amurka da China, a zahiri ya ƙunshi ƙarin harajin da ƙasashen biyu ke amfani da shi kan kayayyakin da aka shigo da su daga juna. Kasar China ta ninka shigo da kayayyaki daga Amurka

kasa ce da ke fitarwa fiye da Amurka. Yaƙin kasuwancin da ke haifar da samfuri tsakanin ƙasashen su ma yana da damar shafar sabis ɗin da ake ba wa kayayyakin. A lokacin da muke iya kiran wannan yakin ciniki a watan Nuwamba-Disamba na bara, an ga wasu taushi. Misali, China ta rusa karin karin kudin harajin da ta shigo da kayayyaki da yawa da aka shigo da su. Koyaya, ci gaba da wannan tsari ba tare da wani sassauci ba, na iya tilasta kasar Sin ta sake fasalin tsarin samar da sigar musamman kayayyakin fasaha da kamfanonin suttura, wadanda suke daukar kansu a matsayin matattarar samar da kayayyaki kuma hakan ya sanya jadawalin samar da jerin gwanon samar da kayayyaki a duk duniya. Tabbas, idan ana magana game da kasar Sin, ya zama dole a ambaci shirin Belt da Titin. Tare da himmar da ta dauka a cikin 2013, Sin ta ƙaddamar da tsarin Belt da ƙaddamar da hanya wanda ke rufe mutane biliyan 1 da ƙasashe 3 da darajan dalar Amurka triliyan 65. Godiya ga aikin, za a iya jigilar kayayyaki zuwa China, Asiya, Turai da Afirka tare da ƙarin tsada ta hanyar jirgin ƙasa, hanya da teku.

A cikin iyakokin kokarin Belt da Titin, ya zama dole a raba wasu bayanan da China ta buga. Wannan lokacin har zuwa watan Yulin shekarar 2019 idan aka kwatanta da daidai wannan shekarar da ta gabata ita ce kasar Sin; Ta kara girman kasuwancin ta tare da Hadaddiyar Daular Larabawa da kashi 16.1%, 11.3% tare da kasashen ASEAN, 10.8% tare da kasashen Turai, 9.8% tare da Rasha da 3% tare da kasashen Afirka. A wannan yanayin, makomar dangantakar kasuwanci tsakanin Amurka da Sin da ci gaban da ya shafi batun Belt da Tsarin Hanyoyi na iya zama mai tasiri wajen lura da cikakkun canje-canje a tsarin samar da wadata a duniya.

HADISIN JAMIJAR KATSINA A KASAR 91% HAR DA CIKIN GARIN CIKIN KYAUTA YANA

Dangane da bincike ne da Kungiyar Kasuwanci ta Duniya; Idan duk abubuwanda aka gindaya sun aiwatar da Yarjejeniyar Gudanar da Cinikin Kasuwanci, ana tsammanin matsakaicin lokacin shigo da kaya a duniya zai ragu da kashi 47%, watau kusan rabin, da kuma fitarwa lokacin da kashi 91%. Baya ga waɗannan haɓakawa dangane da tsawon lokaci, ba shakka, yarjejeniyar ƙaddamar da ciniki ya zama 14.3% mafi arha tsakanin cinikayya. Har ila yau, girman ci gaban kasuwancin duniya na dala tiriliyan 1 a shekara na cikin abubuwan da aka kiyasta. Tabbas, kodayake tanadi na Yarjejeniyar Gudanar da Kasuwanci gaba ɗaya ana jagorantar motsin kayayyaki, dukkan abubuwan haɗin gizan duniya suna cikin tsakiyar kowane matakin da za a ɗauka don sauƙaƙe kasuwanci. Jihohi na iya sarrafa motsin kayayyaki ta hanyar sarrafa kofofin kwastam, kamar yadda kuma za su iya tsara bangaren dabaru tare da kwarin gwiwa, ka'idoji, ka'idojin gasa da za su kawo wa sashen hadahadar. A cikin wannan mahallin, nasarar duniya na Yarjejeniyar Gudanar da Kasuwanci galibi ya dogara ne akan ingantaccen gini da aiwatar da ka'idodin da suka shimfiɗa ɓangarorin kera kayayyaki, a cikin sa kamfanoni masu zaman kansu ke aiki, shine, mahimmomi ma suna taka rawa wanda ke tallafawa da ba da damar motsi na kyauta da saurin kaya.

KASHE DAGA 14% NA SANIN GASKIYAR GASKIYA GASKIYA GASKIYA

Tunda bangaren sufuri shine tushen kashi 14% na iskar gas na duniya, ana gudanar da bincike ne tsakanin gwamnatocin biyu da kuma sassan mambobi don kawar da wannan rashin hankali. Misali, a watan Satumbar, Jamus ta sanar da Tsarin Matsalar Hawan Sama 2030. Dangane da shirin, za a fitar da fitar da abubuwan hawa da sufuri da kuma na gine-gine, kuma kamfanoni za su biya gwamnati a cikin adadin kuzarin watsi. Bugu da kari, aikace-aikacen da aka sani da IMO 2020 tsakanin tsarin kula da muhalli na duniya na masana'antar teku ya fara aiki a ranar 1 ga Janairu. Koyaya, an saita iyakar 0.5% akan abun da ke cikin karuwar man da jiragen ke amfani da shi.

NUNA MAFARKI KYAUTA DAGA CIKIN MUHIMMIYA DA KYAUTA KYAUTA

Kodayake an lura da raguwa a cikin kasafin kudin zuba jari na jama'a a cikin 2019 idan aka kwatanta da 2018, yawancin jama'a sun fi sanya hannun jari a bangarorin sufuri da sadarwa. A halin yanzu, rabo daga sadarwa shine kawai miliyan 152 TL. Kasafin kudin da aka ware domin jigilar kaya shine biliyan 20.1 TL. Ana shirin kashe shi domin layin dogo na biliyan 7.5, aikin babban titin biliyan 6.7, zirga-zirgar zirga-zirgar biranen biliyan 4.3, jiragen sama na biliyan daya.

SIFFOFIN SASHE NA LOGISTICS

Duk yadda yake da sha'awar bangaren dabaru, hakika lamari ne mai wahala a auna. Tunda tsarin reshe na Aikin sufuri da Tsaro ya haɗa da ayyukan sufuri na fasinja, bai isa ya gabatar da girman ɓangarorin dabaru dangane da kayan kai tsaye ba. A saboda wannan dalili, an dogara da shi sosai a cikin zatoci a kimantawa game da masana'antar dabaru. Hanyar da aka amince da ita a ɓangaren ilimi da kuma makarantar kimiyya ita ce cewa, sashen ayyukan dabaru yana da kashi kusan kashi 12 cikin GDP. An yarda da cewa kashi 50 na wannan girman ya faru ne saboda ayyukan kamfanonin da ke ba da sabis na abubuwan amfani da dabaru kai tsaye yayin da sauran kashi 50 kuma saboda ayyukan logist ɗin da kamfanonin ke aiwatarwa ne. A wannan yanayin, GDP a cikin 2018 shine dala biliyan 3 tiriliyan 700 biliyan 989 TL. A cikin 2018, an karɓi girman ɓangaren dabaru kamar 444 biliyan TL. Ba a fitar da bayanan GDP na 2019 ba tukuna, amma muna da ƙididdigar cewa za mu iya yarda da shi a matsayin jagora. Dangane da Sabon Shirin Tattalin Arziki wanda aka buga a cikin kaka, GDP a shekarar 2019 ana kiyasta biliyan 4 da biliyan 269 biliyan TL. A cikin wannan mahallin, ana iya faɗi cewa girman sashin logistics ya wuce biliyan 2019 na TL a cikin 500.

TARE DA KYAUCIN RAYUWAR RAILWAY

Jirgin ruwa na teku yana da mafi girman kasada a cikin shigo da fitarwa akan ƙimar darajar. A lokacin daga 2009 zuwa kashi na uku na 2019, ruwan teku yana da kashi 65-70 bisa dari a harkar sufuri shigo da kaya. A wannan karon, rabon babban titin na da raguwar yanayin shigo da kayayyaki, yayin da kusan kashi 20 na kayayyakin shigo da kaya ake shigo dasu ta hanya. Sufurin sufurin jirgin sama, a gefe guda, ya kara yawan sa hannun jarin shigo da sufuri tun daga shekarar 2009. Rashin ayyukan jiragen kasa a cikin shigo da kayayyaki ya yi kasa da kashi 2012 cikin 1 tun shekarar 2009. Adadin kayan dakon kaya da ke ɗauke da teku a cikin kaya ya karu tun daga 2009 kuma rabon, wanda ya kasance kashi 47,05 a cikin 2019, ya zama kashi 62,42 a ƙarshen ƙarshen kwata na uku na 2009. Ba a lura da akasin haka ba yayin da ake shigo da kayayakin teku a cikin jigilar kaya da babban titin ke dauke da shi, kuma rabon babban titin, wanda ya kasance kashi 42,30 cikin 2018 na jigilar fitar da kaya a shekarar 28, ya kasance kashi 2019 a shekarar 28,59 da kashi 2011 cikin kashi na uku na shekara ta 6,42. Kodayake ba zai yiwu a tantance kowane irin yanayi game da rabon sufurin jirgin sama a cikin sufuri na fitarwa a cikin lokacin binciken ba, rabonsa ya bambanta tsakanin kashi 2012, mafi ƙasƙanci a cikin 14,40, da kashi 0,93, mafi girma a cikin 2011 shekara mai zuwa. An lura cewa rabon shimfidar layin dogo a cikin kaya shine mafi ƙarancin rabo kuma rabon fitar da kaya a cikin duk shekaru ya kasance ƙasa da kashi 1, ciki har da XNUMX, wanda shine mafi girman rabon a cikin lokacin binciken.

HUFAR YANCIN KYAUTA YAWAN YAN SALATI

Wasu halaye waɗanda suka zama bayyananne a cikin shekaru bisa ga nauyin kaya da ake jigilar shigo da shi daga ketare ma ya fice. Kasuwancin teku a cikin fitarwa ta hanyar nauyi yana da kashi 2018 a ƙarshen 78,25 kuma wannan adadin ya zama kashi 2019 a ƙarshen ƙarshen kwata na uku na 80,15. Kodayake ana ganin cewa yawan ruwan teku a cikin fitarwa akan nauyin ya karu tun farkon lokacin da aka bincika, ana lura da sabanin wannan yanayin a cikin jigilar kaya. Harkokin jigilar kaya na kan titi a kan wani nauyi, wanda ya kasance kashi 2009 cikin dari a shekarar 25,24, ya nuna raguwa gwargwado kamar na 2015: Yayin da rabon kayayyakin fitar da kayayyaki a kan nauyin ya kasance kaso 2018 a karshen 20,44, wannan adadin ya karu da kashi 2019 a ƙarshen kwata na uku na 18,54. Jirgin jigilar kaya na Jirgin saman ya ci gaba da karɓar mafi kaso kaɗan a kan nauyin nauyi gwargwadon ƙima. Kashi na sufurin jirgin kasa, wanda ya kasance kashi 2009 cikin 1,15 a fitarwa a shekarar 1, ya kasance kasa da kashi XNUMX cikin XNUMX a duk shekarun da suka biyo baya, a shigo da kaya.

CARRUN TARIHI A CIKIN SAUKI KILOGRAMMIC KYAUTA NA AMFANIN AIRLINE

Rahoton ya kuma hada bayanai kan matsakaicin darajar kayan jigilar kaya da kowane irin sufuri. An nuna cewa darajar kilogram 1 na kayan dakon kaya da aka shigo da su ta hanyar jirgin sama ya kai dala 2019 a ƙarshen ƙarshen kashi na uku na 3. Valueimar ɗaya don shekarar 258.49 ta kasance $ 2015. Darajar nauyi mai nauyin kaya da aka fitarwa ta hanyar jirgin sama a cikin shekaru 153.76 ya karu da kusan kashi 5. A kwata na uku na shekarar 68, jigilar fasinjojin jirgin sama ya kai kashi 2019 cikin dari fiye da jigilar dakon kaya, wanda ke da matsakaicin darajar dalar Amurka 11,51 na kilogram. Tabbas, kodayake ba kamar bala'i ba kamar jirgin sama, yanayi mai kama da wannan yana da inganci ga babbar hanyar. A matsakaici, kilogram 22,5 na kaya muke shigowa koyaushe sun fi tsada fiye da nauyin da muke fitarwa. Wannan yanayin ya nuna yanayin da masana'antar cikin gida da kuma masana'antun samar da kayayyaki yakamata su taso.

LITTAFIN SAUKI NA FARKO INDEX NE

Alamun da aka buga a duk duniya cikin rahoton UTIKAD Logistics Sector Report 2019 suma suna hade. Alamar Aikin Kayayyakin aiki; yayi nazari kan ayyukan dabaru na kasashe karkashin sharudda shida. Wadannan sun hada da kwastomomi, ababen more rayuwa, jigilar kayayyaki na kasa da kasa, ingancin ayyukan dabaru, bin diddigi da kuma gano jigilar kayayyaki, daga karshe kuma kawo jigilar kayayyaki akan lokaci. A shekara ta 2018, Turkey mukamansu 160 tsakanin 47 ƙasashe. Idan aka kwatanta da shekarun da suka gabata, ya kasance mafi munin yanayi a cikin 2018. Turkiya ta ci gaba idan aka kwatanta da 2016. Babu wani daga cikin shida sharudda ba za a iya lura cewa, ko da gogaggen wani gagarumin ƙi.

'Yanci na Doing Business Index, Turkey, a 2017, 60 ya complimented sosai wajen samun tare da halartar gwamnatin jikin aiki da kuma Turkey ya halitta mataki da tsare-tsaren cire mafi girma domin. Tare da sake fasalin dauka a Turkey, a 2018, 43 aikace-aikace, kuma a shekarar 2019 ya koma zuwa 33. ga rahoton da dabaru masana'antu "cinikayyar kan iyakoki" topic a Turkey ne # 44. A wannan mahallin, da matakan da za a dauka domin kara Turkey ke fitarwa ne har yanzu yiwu a ce babu bayyana shugabanci na ci gaba.

Kowace shekara, shirya da kuma aka buga da dandalin tattalin arzikin duniya Global gasa Index, Turkey mukamansu a shekara ta 2018 da kuma 2019 a shekarar 61. A cewar rahoton, Turkey ta yin amfani da bayanai da kuma fasahar sadarwa da kuma kayayyakin more rayuwa da kuma aiki kasuwa ya sanya ci gaban a cikin filin. A daidai wannan lokaci da rahoton an lura Turkey ya sanya ci gaban a karkashin iska sufuri a fannin kayayyakin more rayuwa da kuma hanya kai lakabi amma high kumbura saboda daidaituwar tattalin arziki da kwanciyar hankali a yankin da kuma saboda da wadanda ba jadawalin kuɗin fito shingen fatauci cewa yi talauci a yankin na kasuwar.

Rahoton Sashin Kalaman UTİKAD na 2019 CLICK HERE



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