Mene ne Siginar Jirgin Ruwa?

Mene ne tsarin siginar jirgin ƙasa
Mene ne tsarin siginar jirgin ƙasa

Tsarin sigina shine tsarin da ke samar da lafiyayyen kwanciyar hankali wanda yake ba makawa ga tsarin layin dogo kamar Tram (SIL2-3), Light Metro da Metro (SIL4) ta hanyar aiwatar da abubuwanda suka danganci a mafi dacewa kuma ingantacce. Wadannan tsarin suna ba da babbar fasaha, fasaha da fa'idodin farashi da kuma tsaro.

Runduna tsarin
Rail Systems

Rail Systems

Duk da cewa yawan amfani da layin dogo a kasarmu ba ya zama ruwan dare gama gari har zuwa shekarun 90s, muna ganin cewa an fi son tsarin layin dogo ya magance matsalar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa. Bari mu ci gaba da labarin ta hanyar yin bayanin mahimman ka'idodin siginar don tsarin jirgin ƙasa.

SIL (Matakan Tsaro Tsarin aminci)

Shahadar SIL tana nufin amincin tsarin. An bayyana matakin SIL a cikin matakan 4 na asali, kuma yayin da matakin SIL ke ƙaruwa, matakin tsaro yana ƙaruwa tare da rikitarwa na tsarin don rage haɗari.

SIF (Ayyukan Kayayyakin aikin Tsaro)

Babban aikin SIF a nan shine ganowa da kuma hana mummunan haɗari wanda zai iya faruwa yayin aiwatarwa. Dukkan ayyukan SIF suna samar da SIS (Tsarin Tsarin Kayayyakin aiki). SIS shine tsarin sarrafawa wanda ke sarrafa tsarin gaba ɗaya kuma yana sanya tsarin lafiya cikin yanayi mai haɗari.

Kalmar "Ayyukan Tsaro na Ayyuka yana nufin rage haɗarin zuwa matakin da aka yarda ta hanyar gudanar da duk ayyukan SIF a cikin tsarin.

Tsayawar Jirgin Kasa ta atomatik (ATS)

Don tabbatar da aminci da ingantaccen zirga-zirgar zirga-zirga a cikin ayyukan jirgin ƙasa, an ɓullo da tsarin kula da jirgin ƙasa daban-daban kuma wasu daga cikinsu sun kasance (ATS) tashar jirgin ƙasa ta atomatik, (ATP) kariya ta jirgin ƙasa ta atomatik, (ATC) sarrafa jirgin ƙasa atomatik.

Tsarin ATS tsarin tsaro ne wanda ke ba da damar dakatar da jirgin ta hanyar sarrafa saurin jirgin yayin da ake sarrafa zirga-zirgar ta hanyar siginar lantarki da kuma faɗakar da direban idan ya cancanta.

Tsarin ATS gaba ɗaya yana tafiyar da hanzarin jiragen ƙasa tare da bayani akan kayan kan jirgin ta hanyar abubuwan banmamaki da aka sanya a hanya da alamomi kusa da su.

Kariya ta jirgin kasa ta atomatik (ATP)

Tsarin ATP tsarin kariya ne wanda ya shiga tsakani yayin da direba ba ya fada cikin saurin da ake buƙata ko dakatar da jirgin a layi ɗaya da bayanan da aka karɓa daga tsarin ATS.

Gudanar da Jirgin kasa ta atomatik (ATC)

Kodayake yana da kama da tsarin ATS, yana daidaita saurin jirgin daidai gwargwadon matsayin jiragen ƙasa a gaba da na baya. Ba kamar tsarin ATS ba, buɗe / rufe ƙofofin da sauransu. Hakanan ayyukan tsaro suna gudana daga ATC.

Tsarin Sigina

A farkon shekarun tsarin layin dogo, babu matakan tsaro da ake bukata saboda karancin saurin jirgin kasa da yawaitar zirga-zirgar ababen hawa. Amiyane, injiniyan tsaro. Kodayake an yi kokarin samar da tsaro ta hanyar yin amfani da hanyar tazara tsakanin jami'an tare da alamun hatsarin da ya faru, an fara samar da tsaro ne ta hanyar hanyar tazara da kuma tsarin sigina tare da kara yawan zirga-zirgar ababen hawa.

A takaice, anyi amfani da hanyar tazara lokaci a cikin farkon shekarun tsarin layin dogo, kuma daga baya aka yi amfani da hanyoyin tazara tazara, wanda aka bayar ta tsarin sigina. A yau, amfani da siginar siginar ya sa ya yiwu ya fitar da jiragen ƙasa ta atomatik ba tare da direba ba.

tsarin kariya na jirgin kasa
tsarin kariya na jirgin kasa

Za'a iya bincika tsarin siginar a cikin sassan 2 azaman Kayan Kayan Firam (Yankin Filin jirgin ruwa, Shears ta atomatik, Lantarki na sigina, Kayan Sadarwa na Train) da Software ta Tsakiya da Tsayawa.

Filin Jirgin Ruwa

Filin jirgin ƙasa (Gano jirgin ƙasa); Akwai nau'ikan Wuraren Rail Circuits guda 4 da Keɓewa, Kwantena Rail Circuits, Cirle Ciril Rail Circuits da Circuits Motsa Yankin Motsi.

A Yankin Jiragen Dogon Algebra, idan akwai ƙarfin lantarki idan aka yi la’akari da ƙarfin da ake amfani da shi daga yankin da aka keɓe, to babu jirgin ƙasa a yankin layin dogo kuma idan babu ƙarfin wutan lantarki, akwai jirgin. Ana tsammanin akwai jirgin kasa a nan idan akwai wani gazawa.

Lambobin Rail da aka kera suna amfani da mitar sauti, kuma canjin sigina na nufin cewa akwai jirgin ƙasa akan waƙar. Yin amfani da wannan tsarin a cikin ɗan gajeren nesa da kuma wuraren da ba a hana su ba yana da amfani sosai dangane da aminci da farashi.

Filin Jiragen Ruwa tare da Lauyoyin Axle sune tsarin samar da tsaro ta hanyar gano wurin da jirgin yake ta hanyar kirga ire-iren shiga da barin tashar jirgin. Amfani da su a duniya yana ƙaruwa da sauri.

Motsawa da Raa'idodin Keɓaɓɓiyar Layi suna amfani da buloshi mai ɓoye waɗanda tsawonsu ya bambanta gwargwadon lokacin jirgin, tsayawa nesa, ƙarfin birki, sigogi da sigogin yanki.

Amfani da Tsarin Sigina

A cikin ɗakin kwana da mai gani, ana amfani da tuki na gani, yayin da a cikin almakashi da kuma bangarorin rami, ana amfani da tsarin taɗi don yanke hukunci shiga da fita daga jirgin zuwa canjin da ya dace. Tsarin katsewa shi ne tsarin da ke kulle kowane irin layin dogo wanda jirgin kasa yake so ya shiga kuma ya hana jirgin shiga.

Tare da yin amfani da Tsarin Duka Direbobi marasa cikakken ƙarfi, abin ɗan adam wanda shine babban abin haɗari an rage shi. Tare da waɗannan tsarin, ana iya hana hatsarori ta hanyar gano jiragen kasa nan take, yayin da yawan jira na fasinjoji ke gajarta ta hanyar ba da rahoton nisa tsakanin jirgin ƙasa da kuma haɓaka aiki tare da sassauƙan aiki. Hakanan waɗannan tsarin suna da fa'ida tare da ƙaramar farashin kulawa.

Yau, tashoshin jirgin karkashin kasa da tashar jirgin karkashin kasa galibi suna amfani da kafaffiyar hanyar tuki mai aiki, Kafaffen tuki ta atomatik da Tsarin siginar tuki na atomatik.

Kafaffen maɓallin tuki

Gabaɗaya 10 min. A cikin wannan tsarin, wanda ake amfani dashi a nesa da ke ƙasa, hanyar da ta dace ta jirgin ita ce 10 min. Hakanan ana zaton zai kammala. A wannan gaba, yana iya haifar da haɗari idan injiniyan ya yi tafiya da wannan nesa a cikin ɗan lokaci kaɗan fiye da wannan lokacin. A wannan gaba, Ya kamata a yi amfani da Tsarin Bayanan Injiniya (Dis) da Tsarin Binciken Abubuwan Tuki.

Kafaffen tuki ta atomatik

Kodayake kusan 20% ne mafi tsada fiye da tsarin tuki mai amfani wanda aka bayyana a sama, yana yiwuwa a yi amfani da layin daidai tare da tuƙin atomatik na jirgin da kuzarin kuzari. Kamar yadda ƙaddara tazara ke ƙaddara yayin ƙirar ƙirar, matsakaicin matsakaicin jirgin ƙasa shine 2 min. Ya dace don amfani a wuraren da aka ɗaga shi.

A cikin wannan tsarin, tsarin rufe hanya yana yanke shawarar yadda jirgin kasan zai tafi da sauri kuma ya fahimci matsayin jiragen kasa kuma ya gaya wa jirgin zuwa inda ya kamata ya tsaya.

Motsa toshe tuki ta atomatik

Kamar yadda aka ambata a sama, yadda kusan kowane jirgin kasa yake zuwa tashar jirgin gaba ana lissaftawa da watsa shi zuwa tashar gwargwadon saurin jirgin, ƙarfin braking da yanayin hanya. An kulle wurin kowane jirgin kasan daban sannan ana lasafta saurin kowane jirgin daban daban. Sakamakon matakan tsaro, ana bayar da sigina sau da yawa ta hanyar sadarwar tashar rediyo.

Neman Railway

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