Ankara İzmir Babban Jirgin Jirgin Sama na Matsalar Rashin Gas

Ankara izmir jirgin sama mai saurin hawa dogo yana fuskantar hadarin shunin ruwa
Ankara izmir jirgin sama mai saurin hawa dogo yana fuskantar hadarin shunin ruwa

Cibiyar Injiniyoyin Injiniya na Jami'ar Injiniya na Injiniya da Gine-ginen Turkiyya (TMMOB), wanda ya shirya rahoto game da layin dogo na Ankara - İzmir, wanda aka shirya a bude a shekarar 2022, ya yi gargadi game da kirkirar potholes a cikin sashen Eskişehir na layi.


A cikin sanarwar da aka yi a cikin dakin, an bayyana cewa aikin yana fuskantar hadarin pothole, kuma an bayyana cewa "Wani bangare na Ankara-İzmir Hanyar Raunin Jirgin Sama mai sauri ya wuce ta hanyar dutsen wanda ke narkewa kuma ya haifar da tsarin kera".

A cikin sanarwar da majalisar ta fitar, ta ce: “Kowace shekara a duniya da kuma kasarmu, girgizar kasa, ambaliyar ruwa, ambaliyar ruwa, dutsen ta fadi, da sauransu saboda dalilai na halitta da yanayin kasa. Yawancin abubuwa masu haɗari masu haɗari da manyan abubuwa waɗanda ke haifar da asarar rai da dukiya suna faruwa. Ofaya daga cikin waɗannan abubuwan da suka faru shi ne tsarin maye wanda ya kasance kan hanyarmu a cikin 'yan shekarun nan.

Samuwar sinkhole gaba daya ana faruwa ne ta hanyar motsin ruwan karkashin kasa ko wasu nau'ikan ruwa da ke gudana ta fuskar bangarorin halittun da ke narkewa (dutsen da ke gudana, kogunan ruwa), da manyan kogunan ko narkewar ramuka suna faruwa a karkashin kasa sakamakon rashin iya daukar nauyin, kuma murfin rufi na sama ya rushe kwatsam. ..

A cikin yankuna da yawa kamar Konya Karapınar, Sivrihisar (Eskişehir), Karaman, Aksaray, Çankırı, Sivas, Kahramanmaraş, Şanlıurfa, Afyonkarahisar, Siirt, Manisa da İzmir, tsarin sutture suna faruwa. Daya daga cikin manyan dalilan da ke haifar da yaduwar tsiron pothole a cikin 'yan shekarun nan shi ne wuce kima da amfani da ruwan karkashin kasa.

A cikin yanki tsakanin Sivrihisar (Eskişehir) gundumar Sığırcık, Göktepe, Kaldirkoy da Yenikoy, 2 sinkholes tare da diamita tsakanin 50 m zuwa 0.5 m da zurfi tsakanin 15 m zuwa 8 m sun faru a cikin 'yan shekarun nan. Dangane da lurar da aka yi a cikin filin da kuma daga baya nazarin kan hotunan tauraron dan adam; Wajibi ne a dauki matakan gaggawa na wannan yankin, inda aka kirkiri pothole, don kasancewa a nisan mil 1.5 daga kudu maso yammacin Polatlı-Afyon na yankin Ankara-İzmir High Speed ​​Train Route, wanda ke kan gaba.

An ƙaddara cewa wani sashi na hanyar jirgin saman Ankara-İzmir mai saurin hauhawa ta haye kan dutsen wanda ke narkewa kuma yana haifar da siraran narkewa. Yana da mahimmancin gaske cewa nazarin ilimin ƙasa da ilimin ilimin ƙasa na hanya, inda za a aiwatar da wani muhimmin tsari na injiniya kamar Haɗin Jirgin Sama mai sauri ta hanyar da zai bayyana dalilan da ke haifar da samuwar sinkhole.

A matsayin TMMOB Chamber of Injiniyan Injiniya, mun jawo hankali ga matsalolin yanayin, musamman maɓallan ƙasa, akan babbar hanyar jirgin ƙasa mai saurin hawa (YHT), wacce ke gudana a tsakanin Ankara da Istanbul. Koyaya, Babban Daraktan TCDD bai yi la'akari da gargadinmu ba; Sakamakon haka, tare da shawarar da majalisar ministocin ta yi, an baiwa masu kwangilar karin farashin a farashin da ya wuce kashi 40% na farashin aikin ginin. Saboda wannan rashin tabbas, wanda ya ɓatar da albarkatun jama'a, aikin hanyar Ankara-İstanbul YHT (da farko Bozüyük-Arifiye) bai gama aiki ba tukuna.

Hakanan; Gargadin mu da cewa matsaloli da yawa da suka taso daga kasa za su gamu yayin aikin ginin filin jirgin saman Istanbul na 3 saboda dalilai kamar wurin da aka zaba ya hada da tabkuna da dama ko na wucin gadi da kuma halayen injiniyoyi masu rauni na sassan. Koyaya, aikin ya tabbatar mana da Majalisa, kuma an kammala ginin filin jirgin saman Istanbul na 3, wanda yake da halaye iri ɗaya a duniya, tare da farashi mai tsada sama da irin ayyukan.

Tunda babbar hanyar jirgin saman Ankara-İzmir mai nisan kilomita 1.5 zuwa arewacin yankin inda areanjin injiniyoyi na TMMOB suka kirkireshi, don hana kowane asarar rai ko dukiyoyin da bazasu iya ramawa ba anan gaba, wannan yanki ya dace da tsarin shimfidar wuraren wanka. Don sanar da faɗakarwa cibiyoyin gwamnati masu dacewa da alhakin, an shirya rahoto game da samuwar haɗarin potholes akan hanyar Eskişehir-Sivrihisar YHT.

A matsayin ku na TMMOB Chamber of injiniyoyin Injiniya, muna muku kashedi sake.

  • Darakta Janar na MTA, Darakta Janar na DS and da Shugabancin AFAD sun yi la’akari da mahimmancin batun, tare da sassan jami’o’in da suka dace da kungiyoyin kwararru da suka dace, musamman Chamber of Geology Injiniya na TMMOB, wadanda suka fara haifar da barazana ga tsaron rayuwa da dukiyoyinmu a kasarmu, kuma ana ganin wuraren tabarbarewa. "Taswirar hadarin Obruk" yakamata a shirya ta hanyar gudanar da cikakkun bayanai game da binciken kasa, ilimin kimiya, ruwa mai zurfi da injiniyan injiniyoyi da kuma bincike na yankuna.
  • Ya kamata a samar da Taswirar haɗarin Obruk don jama'a kuma ya kamata a dauki matakan da suka dace.
  • Bincike, shiryawa da kuma ginin tsarin injiniya, la’akari da samuwar nutsewar, wanda ke kara yawa a wannan yankin, da kuma dukkan mutane, cibiyoyi da kungiyoyi da suke aiwatar da aiyuka da aikin injiniya a wannan yankin, musamman Jamhuriyar Turkiyya, Babban Direkta Janar na Jiragen Jiragen Sama wanda ke aiwatar da aikin jirgin saman Ankara-İzmir. tafiyar matakai.
  • Ya kamata a nuna cewa Babban Jirgin Jirgin Sama na Izmir-Ankara, wanda ke ƙarƙashin ginin Darakta Janar na TCDD, zai iya shafar yiwuwar aikin matattarar jirgin ƙasa mai saurin motsa ƙasa ta hanyar sabunta binciken ƙasa da na kimiyyar ƙasa, na ruwa da injiniyan injiniya a ɓangaren hanyar Polatlı-Afyon kusa da wuraren da ake ganin matatun mai. In ba haka ba, a bayyane yake cewa matatun mai na faruwa a yayin aiki zasu kawo barazanar rayuwa.

Sakamakon haka, a cikin sanarwar cewa an samar da matatun mai a sassan gona da ke nesa da wuraren zama, bai haifar da asara mai yawa ba da asarar dukiya har zuwa yau, a matsayin kalma ta karshe, “tsarin shimfida wuraren da zai iya faruwa a wuraren da injiniyoyin kera irin su Manyan Jirgin Sama wanda mutane za su yi amfani da su sosai zai haifar da babbar asarar rayuka da sabbin bala’i. tana iya budewa ”.

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