Liberalization na Railway Sector da kuma sake fasalin TCDD

sassauci na layin dogo da kuma sake fasalin tcdd
sassauci na layin dogo da kuma sake fasalin tcdd

Liyellization na Railway Sector da kuma sake fasalin TCDD; Idan aka bincika hanyoyin jiragen kasa na kasashe masu tasowa, ana ganin cewa an sake fasalin sashen ne gwargwadon canji da bukatunsu.

Thearfafa haɓaka aikin layin dogo na Turkiyya na buƙatar ingantaccen tsari wanda ɓangaren kamfanoni ke cikin dukkan fannoni daga sufuri zuwa masana'antar layin dogo, daga ilimi zuwa R&D, daga ƙananan masana'antu zuwa ayyukan ba da shawara, daga ginin kayayyakin more rayuwa zuwa takaddun shaida.

Wannan kawai zai yiwu tare da sake gina hanyoyin layin jirginmu. An samar da ingantaccen kayan aikin sake gina kasa tare da samar da 'yanci a sashin layin dogo.

A) Janar Direkta na Dokar Railway;

Authority Ikon kiyaye dokokin lafiya

Authority Ikon izini don masu gudanar da aiki

●● Hukuma don tsara gasa

●● A matsayin manajan kwangilar sabis na jama'a,

B) Darakta Janar na Kayan Komputa mai Hadari da Hadin kan Abun Lafiya, a matsayin kayyadewa da kula da kulawa, rufe dukkan nau'ikan sufuri,

Sake sarrafa TCDD

1 / 5 / 2013 28634 kwanan rana da kuma shiga da karfi a cikin Official Gazette A'a 24 / 4 / 2013 6461 kwanan rana da ya ƙidaya "Turkey Law a kan walwalar na Railway Transport" tare.

A cikin Rashi na hukuma na 10.07.2018 mai kwanan wata da ƙididdigar 304741 ƙididdigar 1, don tabbatar da cewa ayyukan jigilar layin dogo a cikin ƙasarmu ana aiwatar da su cikin yanayi mai kyauta, adalci da dorewa dangane da kasuwanci, tattalin arziki, bukatun zamantakewa da haɓaka fasaha da waɗannan ayyukan suna yin aiki tare tare da sauran nau'ikan sufuri. tare da Mataki na 16 karkashin Ma'aikatar Sufuri da Lantarki a cikin Fasali 478 na Dokar Shugaban Kasa XNUMX A'a;

Sake fasalin TCDD azaman mai aikin samar da hanyoyin jirgin ƙasa,

Şı TCDD Taşımacılık A.Ş., wani yanki ne na TCDD. don kafa jigilar fasinjoji da fasinjoji a cikin kamfanoni masu zaman kansu da kuma shimfida hanya don jigilar fasinjoji da fasinjoji a cikin kamfanoni masu zaman kansu,

●● al'amuran da suka shafi irin su bayarda izinin hukumomin shari'a da kamfanoni kamar yadda aka tsara masu ayyukan samar da hanyoyin jirgin kasa ko kuma masu aikin jirgin kasa.

A wannan mahallin; An sake fasalta shi azaman TCDD Railway Infrastructure Operator tun 01.01.2017 kuma kamar yadda TCDD Taşımacılık A.Ş. aka kafa kuma aka fara aiki.

Sabbin tsare-tsaren ƙungiyoyi waɗanda suka dogara da sassan kasuwanci na TCDD Opection da TCDD Transportation Inc. zasu sauƙaƙa rabuwa da bin asusun. Tsarin sarrafa albarkatun ƙasa da ke gudana sun saba da sabon tsarin.

Godiya ga ribar da cibiyoyin farashi da za a kafa a cikin sabon tsarin, za a iya kula da kudaden shiga da kashe kudi yadda ya kamata.

Sabon Tsarin Jirgin Ruwa

Kamar yadda aka tsara a cikin Tsarin Tsarin Tsarin Tsarin Tsarin TCDD, tsarin tsakiya da na lardi na TCDD da TCDD Taşımacılık A.Ş. an yarda kuma an aiwatar dasu kamar 01 / 01 / 2017.

Dangane da sabon yanayin; sauran kamfanonin jirgin kasa na layin dogo sun fara shiga bangaren kuma kamfanin sufuri na farko mai zaman kansa ya ba da izini daga Ma’aikatarmu; Kasuwanci masu zaman kansu sun sami damar jigilar kaya da fasinjoji a cikin jiragen kasa tare da jiragen ƙasa da kansu. TCDD Ta Tmacılık A.Ş an ba da izini don ɗaukar kaya da fasinjoji 3 ɗayan jigilar fasinjojin jirgin masu ɗaukar nauyin jirgin fasinja na 3, masu shirya 68 da hukumomin 1.

Sabon Tsarin Jirgin Ruwa
Sabon Tsarin Jirgin Ruwa

Kammalallen Dokokin Sakandare Masu Zaman Lafiya da Sassan da Inganta Ingantaccen Ikon Ido

a) Aiwatarda Ka'idoji akan Matakan da za'a Raba a Tsarin Matakan Jiragen Ruwa da Ka'idodin Aikace-aikace

An shirya ka'idodi, matakai da ka'idodi game da ginin, kiyayewa, aiki da kuma alamar shinge matakin layin dogo da tsarin kariyarsu don tabbatar da tsari da amincin layin dogo da zirga-zirgar ababen hawa a matakin layin dogo ta hanyar tantance hukuma da nauyin abin da ya shafa. 03.07.2013 an buga shi a cikin Official Gazette kuma ya shiga cikin karfi.

b) ona'idoji kan Samun Ingantawa da Aiwatarwa da Kawowar Lantarki Railway

Publisheda'ida game da samar da damar samar da kayan aiki ga masu aikin layin dogo don samun dama ga cibiyar sadarwar ayyukan layin dogo na ƙasa an buga su a cikin Official Gazette akan 02.05.2015 kuma suka shiga ƙarfi.

c) ona'idoji kan Rajista da Rajistar motocin Jiragen Ruwa

“Rajistar Motoci da Rajistar Kayayyakin Jiragen Ruwa, wanda ke bayyana hanyoyin da ka'idodi game da yin rijista da kuma rijistar motocin jirgin kasa da za a yi aiki da su a cikin ababen more rayuwa na kasa, an buga su kuma aka fara aiki a kan 16.07.2015.

d) Tsarin Kayan Jiragen Jiragen Ruwa

Tare da wannan ,a'idar, tsarin da ka'idodi don ba da amincewa ga nau'ikan motocin da aka samar da su waɗanda za a yi aiki da su a kan hanyar sadarwa ta ƙasa wacce kuma ba ta karɓi irin yarda ba. 18.11.2015 an buga shi a cikin Official Gazette kuma ya shiga cikin karfi.

d) Dokar Tsaro ta Railway

Dalilin wannan Dokar; ci gaban da Turkey ta kan iyakokin baƙin-tafi a kan jirgin lafiya, inganta, don tabbatar da traceability domin da dubawa, Railway kayayyakin aiki, da layin dogo jirgin kasa aiki da kuma birnin dogo sufuri aiki kafa aminci gudanar da tsarin da kuma bayar da kariya da takardun shaida ga wadannan aiki da kuma / ko aminci dokoki na hanya daga domin yin karfafawa an m. An buga gua'idar an buga shi a cikin Official Gazette wanda aka tsara kwanan wata 19.11.2015 kuma ya kasance da ƙarfi.

e) Dokoki game da Izinin Ayyukan Jiragen Sama

Tare da wannan ,a'idar, don tabbatar da tsari a cikin kowane nau'in ayyukan sufuri na layin dogo a kan hanyar sadarwar ayyukan titin jirgin ƙasa; ƙuduri yanayin yanayin sabis, isar da kuɗi, ƙwarewar ƙwararru da girmamawa ga masu aiki da abubuwan hawa na jirgin ƙasa, masu horar da direbobi da ƙungiya, ma'aikaci, dillali, tashar ko ayyukan tashar; tabbatar da hakkoki, ikoki, wajibai da nauyi; da kuma tsara hanyoyin da ka'idodi da suka shafi izini da dubawa. An buga Dokar a cikin Gazette na hukuma akan 19.08.2016 kuma ya shiga aiki.

f) Aiwatar da Ka’idoji kan Abubuwan Kula da Jama’a a Hanyar Jiragen Jiragen Sama

h) Dokar Kulawa da Nazarin Jirgin Kasa

Don samar da sabis na jigilar fasinja na jirgin ƙasa wanda ba kowane mai bayar da layin dogo ya ba da sabis a kan wani layi a ƙarƙashin yanayin kasuwanci kuma don samar da matakai da ƙa'idodi don samar da sabis na jigilar fasinjoji a kan kwangilar kwangila, za a buga Regulation a cikin Official Gazette wanda aka tsara 20.08.2016 kuma ya shiga cikin karfi. Baƙi.

Hakkin sabis na jama'a; Har zuwa ranar 31.12.2020 za ta cika ta TCDD Taşımacılık AŞ.

g) Dokar Kula da Injiniya

Don ƙayyade hanyoyin da ka'idoji game da ƙarancin cancantar ƙwararru, yanayin kiwon lafiya da takaddun da ake buƙata don direban jirgin don yin ayyukansa lafiya, an shirya Rea'idar a cikin tsarin ra'ayin masu ruwa da tsaki kuma an buga shi a cikin Official Gazette wanda aka tsara a 31.12.2016 da ƙidaya 29935.

ğ) Dokar Tsarin Tsarin Ayyukan Lafiya na Railway

An shirya gua'idar don ƙayyade hanyoyin da ka'idoji masu alaƙa da takardun cancantar ƙwararru da ma'aikatan ke buƙata na aminci mai mahimmanci a cikin ayyukan jirgin ƙasa, kuma an ba da shi a cikin Official Gaze-te kwanan wata 31.12.2016 da ƙidaya 29935.

Gua'idar, wanda aka shirya don ƙayyade mafi ƙarancin yanayi da matakai da ƙa'idodi game da izini da dubawa na cibiyar horo da jarrabawar inda horo, jarrabawa da takaddun shaida ga ma'aikatan da ke yin aikin aminci mai mahimmanci a cikin ayyukan sufurin jirgin ƙasa, za a samar da su, a cikin tsarin ra'ayoyin da aka karɓa daga masu ruwa da tsaki na sashen. da 31.12.2016.

ı) Tsarin rajista na Motocin Kasa (sNVR)

An sayi software daga Hukumar Railway Turai (ERA) don rajistar motocin jirgin ƙasa ta hanyar Tsarin rajista na Jirgin ƙasa (NVR). Ta wannan hanyar, yin rijista da bin sawun motocin da aka haɗa cikin tsarin sufuri na ƙasa zai iya yiwuwa. An ba da izinin yin rajista da tsarin rajista na motocin har zuwa Nuwamba 2015.

Dangane da Ka'idoji kan Rajista da Rajista na Motocin Mota 2018 Tun daga watan Satumba, lambar 52 na kamfanin masu zaman kansu na 4.007 da lambar 18.195 na TCDD Taşımacılık A.Ş.

Nazarin Dokokin Dokoki na Secondary mai gudana

a) Dokar Tsarin Yarjejeniyar Tsarin Jirgin Ruwa da Sanarwa kan Wa'azin Jikunan da Aka sanar

Aiki na "ona'idar Kan Tsarin Hadin gwiwar Tsarin Jirgin Ruwa yönelik don ƙididdigar ka'idodin ka'idodin hanyoyin aikin layin dogo (samar da wutar lantarki, sanya alama, abubuwan hawa, da sauransu) yana gudana. Bayan amincewar wannan ka'ida ta EU, za a buga sanarwa game da Tsarin Tsarin Tsarin Hanyar Ra'ayoyin Tsarin Bodies game da kungiyoyin da za su kimanta da kuma tabbatar da cancantar tsarin hanyoyin jirgin kasa.

b) Dokar Kare Hakkin fasinja

Don haɓaka ingancin sabis da fasinjoji waɗanda ke tafiya ta hanyar jirgin ƙasa ke tafiya,

68.000 jerin Lantarki

Bayyanar Kasuwanci

an shirya kuma an buga shi domin sanin hakkokin da za su samu yayin tafiya da bayan tafiya da kuma bayan hatsarori da abubuwan da suka shafe su, yanayin yanayin waɗannan haƙƙoƙin suna da inganci da wajibai waɗanda dole ne masu ba da sabis ɗin su cika su.

Sauran Ayyukan na cigaba

a) Turkey sarrafawa Jagora Shirin (TLMP)

da umurnin a kan 9.5.2016, 9 Satumba 2016 wanda ya fara aiki a Turkiyya sarrafawa Jagora Shirin (TLMP) shi ne underway. An shirya kammala shi a 2018.

Kudin Jirgin Ruwa na Zamani

Pts 09

Kasuwancin Gwaiwa

Range 9 @ 08: 00 - Range 11 @ 17: 00

Neman Railway

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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