Labarin Orsay yayi kama da tashar jirgin saman Haydarpaşa

orsayin labarin yayi kama da haydarpasa garina
orsayin labarin yayi kama da haydarpasa garina

Labarin Orsay yayi kama da tashar jirgin kasa ta Haydarpaşa: 1939 wani gini ne mara amfani wanda ya rasa halin tashar sa saboda bai dace da dogon jiragen kasa ba. A 1970, suna tunanin rushe ginin da kuma gina otal a maimakon haka. Lokacin da 'yan Parisians suka ƙi, gwamnati ta yanke shawarar juyar da ginin a gidan kayan gargajiya a 1977. An buɗe a 1986, Gidan kayan tarihi na Orsay 32 ya karbi bakuncin fiye da miliyan 93 baƙi kowace shekara.

Wall Streetdaga Melishan Devrim; Musée d'Orsay yana daya daga cikin adireshin Paris da aka ziyarta, ba wai kawai dangane da tarin nata ba, har ma saboda aikin fasaha ne. Lokacin da fadar Orsay (Palais d'Orsay), wanda aka gina a yayin zamanin Napoleon, an ƙone ƙasa a lokacin 1810 Paris Commune, an gina babban tashar tashar akan shafin. Bude tashar ginin tashar ta yi daidai da bude bikin baje kolin Baje kolin Paris XXX na Paris, kuma filin saukar da baƙi da suka zo daga ƙasashen waje shine tashar Paris Orsay. Ginin tashar dogon-zango na 1871 shine mafi yawan 'masana'antu' na wancan lokacin dangane da tan miliyan 1900 na ƙarfe, amma duka tsarin ƙarfe an ɓoye shi a bayan wani dutse mai ado wanda zai dace da Louvre. Cibiyar 175, wacce ke aiki a duk shekara, ta rasa aikinta sakamakon ƙaddamar da jiragen kasa masu tsayi a 12.

Faransawa suna da matukar sha'awar abin da za su iya yi tare da al'ada da fasahar da suke da ita bayan Yaƙin 2.World. A karon farko a karkashin shugabancin Charles de Gaulle, aka kafa ma'aikatar al'adu. André Malraux, wanda aka fara sa wa wannan ma'aikatar, ɗan tarihi ne mai fasaha, musamman masaniyar fannin ilimin kimiyyar adabi. Kodayake babu wani sanannen ci gaba a lokacin Malraux, wanda ya yi a matsayin ministan al'adu na farko na ƙasar tsakanin 1959-1969, 'yan Parisi koyaushe suna da ƙarfi sosai don kare garinsu.

Tashar Orsay, wacce ba a yi amfani da ita ba tun lokacin da 1939, ta kasance kai tsaye a gaban Louvre, a cikin tsakiyar birnin. Sabuwar gwamnatin, ta damu da gaskiyar cewa wani gini a tsakiyar birni ya zama mai lalacewa, ya ba da damar rushe ginin tashar a 1970 kuma ta maye gurbin ta da otal mai kama da zamani. Jacques Duhamel, ministan al'adu bayan Malraux, wanda ya jagoranci wannan shawarar, ya jagoranci manufofin al'adu na gwamnati zuwa tsakiya. Ya amince da wata manufar ta watsar da al'adun tsiraru zuwa al'ada ta gama gari. Duhamel, wanda ya yi nasarar canza kasafin kudin da aka ware wa kananan hukumomin zuwa ma'aikatar sa, ya rasa kujerarsa a 1973 kuma akwai canji a manufar al'adun Faransa, saboda haka gujewa rushewar jirgin jirgin Orsay.

CIKIN KYAUTATA MUSULUNCI

A 1977, an yanke shawarar mai da tashar tashar zuwa gidan kayan gargajiya. A 1975, Daraktan gidan kayan gargajiya na Faransa ya ba da wannan shawarar da nufin sanya wannan yankin ya zama yanki na kayan gargajiya, tsakanin Louvre da Gidan kayan gargajiya na Kasa na Art a cikin Cibiyar Georges Pompidou. An ba 1978 wani kwamiti na farar hula don kulawa da jujjuyawar ginin, wanda aka ba da matsayin abin tunawa na tarihi, ga gidan kayan gargajiya, kuma gidan kayan tarihin wanda François Mitterrand, shugaban lokacin ya gabatar.

MUSULMAI AS AUTOMOTIVE STATE INSTITUTION

Canjin da ke cikin manufofin al'adun Faransa ya ba da gudummawa sosai ga tattalin arzikin ƙasar. A cikin 1990, an ba da sanarwar gidan kayan tarihin gidan sarauta na Louvre da Versailles a matsayin 'cibiyoyin jihohi masu zaman kansu', kuma an ba da izinin waɗannan gidajen kayan tarihin don ƙirƙirar kasafin kuɗi da amfani da kudaden shiga na kansu. A cikin 2000s, an ba da gudummawa daban-daban kamar ragin haraji ga cibiyoyin kamfanoni masu zaman kansu waɗanda ke ba da kuɗin gidajen kayan tarihin. A lokacin ma'aikatar masanin tarihin zane-zane Malraux, masana'antar al'adu, wanda ya ba da gudummawa kawai 0.39 ga tattalin arzikin kasar, ya kai adadin ƙirar biliyan 1981 a cikin 2,6 da 1993 biliyan francs a 13,8. A yau, adadin kuɗin shigar da Faransawa na Euro biliyan 7,3.

YI MUSULMAI BA tare da asarar GARGADI

Yayin juyawa na tashar jirgin ƙasa ta Orsay zuwa gidan kayan gargajiya, manyan abubuwan gine-ginen da suka zama sanya hannu na ginin ba su da kyau. Ruwan da aka rufe gilashi, manyan ɗakuna tare da ɗakuna masu ƙarfi, agogo na bango a cikin tashar da tagogin windows mai siffar agogo sun zama gidan kayan gargajiya ba tare da rasa komai daga gine-ginen ƙarni na 19 ba. Idan akai la'akari da gaskiyar cewa ginin shine karni na 19, an canza gidan kayan gargajiya na hudu zuwa gidan kayan gargajiya a matsayin alama. Ana samun gumakan 1848.yüzyıl a cikin babban ɗakin tashar kuma an nuna kayan daki da hotunan zamani a cikin gidan kayan gargajiya. Mafi shahararrun ayyukan jan hankali suna kan saman bene. Abubuwan bangon tarihi da ke kan windows of the Orsay Museum su ne wuraren da ya fi so masu yawon bude ido su dauki hoto.

Gidan kayan gargajiya na Orsay, wanda ya gudana shekaru biyu na farfadowa da yawa a 2011, wanda aka kashe dala miliyan 27, yana ba da baƙi fiye da miliyan 3 kowace shekara. A cikin sabuntawa na baya, an yi amfani da dabarar ta hanyar zanen bangon a launuka na pastel cikin jituwa tare da zane-zane da kuma nuna launuka a cikin zanen. Fiye da mutane miliyan sun ziyarci gidan kayan gargajiya tun lokacin da aka buɗe shi a 1986. Gidan kayan gargajiya, wanda ya hada da ayyukan shahararrun masarautan Faransa kamar Edouard Manet, Gustave Courbet, Vincent Van Gogh, Renoir da Rodin, suma suna karbar bakuncin nune-nune na wucin gadi don fadada tarin nasa. A cikin gidan kayan gargajiya akwai ɗakin ɗakin kallo da silima.

A matsayin cibiyar hukuma mai cin gashin kanta, bari mu faɗi gidan kayan tarihin zuwa tashar jirgin kasa ta Haydarpaşa dangane da barin gidan kayan tarihin zuwa gudanar da masana da kuma kawo ginin karni na 19 a cikin ƙasar tare da sabbin ayyuka.

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