Muhimmancin layukan dogo na kasar Turkiyya

Me yasa dogo
Me yasa dogo

Muhimmancin layukan dogo na Turkey. Abu ne na farko kuma mafi mahimmanci na tsarin kula da sufuri na jama'a, wanda ke da haɓaka mai mahimmanci dangane da tsarin sufuri. Dynamo ne na haɗin kai da ci gaban tattalin arziki. Yana ba da gudummawa sosai ga ci gaban tattalin arziki, zamantakewa da al'adu na wuraren da ya ratsa ta. Yana da tattalin arziƙi, yana ba da wadatar jigilar kayayyaki masu araha don ɗaukar nauyi mai nauyi. Yana ba da izinin ƙarin fasinjoji su iya jigilar motocin a lokaci guda kuma da tsada-tsada. A duniyar yau, inda ake neman madadin kuzari mai mahimmanci yake, yana kan gaba tare da asalin muhallin sa.

Hakan wani zaɓi ne ga ƙara zirga-zirgar ababen hawa tare da yaduwar cibiyoyin zirga-zirgar Babbar Hanya. Hanyar baƙin ƙarfe, wacce ke haɗa Turai da Asiya a cikin mafi kyawun yanayin, tana ƙara ƙarfin ƙarfin sufuri na kasuwanci kamar yadda zai ratsa ƙasarmu saboda yanayin yankin. Tana bude hanyar ci gaban sashen dabaru. Yana haɓaka gudu, iyawa da ƙarfin samarwa masana'antu ta hanyar sauƙaƙe damar zuwa cibiyoyin dabaru.

19, ɗayan abubuwan da aka kirkira waɗanda ke da tasirin gaske a kan hanyar tarihi. Jirgin kasa da dogo, wanda ya zama kasuwanci a farkon rabin karni; yana canzawa da canza masana'antu, kasuwanci, da al'adu; art, adabi, a takaice, ya kasance yanki wanda ya shafi kusan komai da komai da zai shafi ɗan adam.

Mahallan da suka fara tafiya a kan dogo na ƙarfe sune manyan 'yan wasan kwaikwayon canji da haɗin kai. Baya ga ci gaban tattalin arziƙi, jarin kamfanonin jirgin ƙasa suna ƙaruwa da mahimmanci don tabbatar da haɗin kai tare da ci gaban kimiyya, zamantakewa da al'adu. Railroads. yana gabatar da rayuwa ta zamani ga kowane mazauni inda ya wuce. Matsakaicin ingantaccen tasirin tashoshin jiragen kasa kan isar da aiyukan al'umma ya haifar da ci gaban matakai da nufin inganta rayuwar mutane.

Haɓaka fasaha da kimiyya sun kawo ƙasashe kusanci fiye da da. Don kammala haɗin duniya da haɗin kai na siyasa da zamantakewa, an ƙirƙiri buƙatar haɗa hanyoyin yin sufuri. Muhimmancin layin dogo kenan ta haka ake fahimta. Babban dalilan sanya hannun jarin a kan layin dogo, musamman a Tarayyar Turai da kasashen Gabas ta Tsakiya, ba su daina ba. An fahimci cewa a cikin shekaru talatin da suka gabata cewa mahimmancin da aka danganta da sufuri na hanya, wanda shine mafi yawan yanayin da ake amfani da shi a duniya, ba ma'anar hankali kawai.

Ma'aikatarmu ta ga layin dogo a matsayin ɗayan mahimman hanyoyin haɓaka ayyukan ci gaba mai ɗorewa kuma sun yi aiki tuƙuru don farfado da wannan sashin da aka yi watsi da su daga 1951 har zuwa ƙarshen 2003. Babban rata tsakanin shekarun 18-945, inda aka gina jimlar kilomita ta 1951 kilomita amma kawai 2004 kilomita, an cika shi da tsarin karshe na 16 na shekara-shekara na ƙarshe kuma an gudanar da bincike mai zurfi yayin da aka kwatanta lokacin 1856-1923, 1923-1950, 1951-2003 Tana da.

Har ila yau, hanyoyinmu na layin dogo sun amfana daga canji na ra'ayin daidaitaccen haɓaka haɓaka dukkan hanyoyin sufuri cikin mahimmancin manufofin jihar. An nuna mahimmancin da aka bai wa tashar jirgin ƙasa a cikin tsarin saka jari don isa ga maƙasudin da aka ƙaddara kuma tallafin saka hannun jari ya ƙaru da yawa daga shekara zuwa shekara. Railway, a cikin sassan Jamhuriyyar manufa ta 2023

100. yana shirin barin alamarsa akan tsarin sufuri.

Aiwatar da ayyukan sauri-sauri, da saurin ɗaukar layin dogo,

Sabuntar hanyoyin da ake da su, rundunar motocin, tashoshin tashoshi,

●● Haɗin tashar jiragen ƙasa zuwa cibiyoyin samarwa da mashigai,

Ci gaban masana'antar jirgin ƙasa mai tasowa tare da kamfanoni masu zaman kansu,

●● Yin kasarmu muhimmin filin dabaru a yankin, musamman tare da wuraren dabaru da ake tsammanin za su samar da babbar dama a harkar fitarwa,

●● An kafa sabuwar hanyar siliki ta zamani, wacce zata fadada daga Yankin Asiya zuwa Yammacin Turai, kuma an kafa hanyar cigaba da layin dogo tsakanin nahiyoyin biyu,

●● Tare da sabbin masana'antar layin dogo a cikin yankin, an sami nasarar aiwatar da manyan ayyuka da yawa bisa lafazin manyan manufofin cigaban masana'antar cikin jirgin ƙasa, kuma da yawa suna aiki sosai.

Turkiya ta high-gudun dogo ayyukan harkokin 40-shekara mafarki aka gane. An kammala layin dogo na Ankara-Eskişehir-İstanbul, Ankara-Konya da Konya-Eskişehir-İstanbul kuma an sanya su cikin aiki. 8 a cikin duniya tare da layin dogo mai tsayi, 6 a Turai. murtuke zuwa matsayi na kasashe sun yanzu fara wani sabon zamanin a cikin Turkey. Layin layin dogo na Ankara-Sivas yana ƙarshen 2019; Polatlı-Afyonkarahisar-Uşak na layin dogo na Ankara-İzmir, wanda ke gudana a halin yanzu, ana shirin kammala shi ta hanyar 2020, Uşak-Manisa-İzmir a cikin 2021 da Ankara-Bursa line a 2020.

Tare da tashar jirgin ruwa ta Baku-Tbilisi-Kars da Marmaray / Bosphorus Tube, ana aiwatar da Titin zamani na siliki na zamani, kuma hanyar jirgin layin dogon Asia da Yammacin Turai ya zama aiki.

Marmaray 2013, wanda aka gina tare da zurfin rami mai zurfin rami mai zurfi a cikin duniya, an gina shi ne a cikin Bosphorus, wanda shine mafarkin mu na karni da rabi, wanda ake ɗauka a matsayin abin mamaki na injiniya na duniya da kuma inda ake samar da sau biyu a la'akari da hanyoyin ƙaura na kifin.

Baya ga sababbin ayyukan layin dogo, an ba da muhimmanci ga sabuntar tsarin da ake da shi yayin da aka fara yakin neman sabunta hanya. Cikakken kiyayewa da sabuntawa na kilomita 10.789 na cibiyar sadarwar da ke gudana, yawancin abin da ba a daidaita ba tun ranar da aka gina shi. Don haka, ta hanyar haɓaka gudu na jirgin ƙasa, ƙarfin layin ƙasa da iyawa, fasinjoji da sufurin sufuri sun zama mafi aminci, aminci da sauri kuma ragin jiragen ƙasa a cikin sufuri ya ƙaru.

An ba da fifiko ga haɗin wuraren samar da kayayyaki, bangarorin masana'antu don hanyoyin layin dogo da ci gaban haɓaka sufuri. Ta hanyar shirya cibiyoyin dabaru na OIZ, masana'antu da mashigai waɗanda ke ɗauke da fifikon darajar ƙimar ƙasarmu da kuma kafa wasu daga cikin waɗannan; An kirkiri sabuwar manufar sufuri dangane da batun sufuri na kasa, yanki da na duniya.

65. Shirin Gwamnati da 10. Ana ci gaba da kokarin aiwatar da sauyin tan daga Tashar Harkokin Sufuri zuwa Shirin Lissafin kuɗin da aka haɗa cikin shirin Raya ci gaba. Shirin yana da niyyar ƙara bayar da gudummawar sashin kula da dabaru don haɓakar haɓakar ƙasarmu da kuma sanya ƙasarmu ta zama ɗaya daga cikin ƙasashe na farko na 15 a cikin theididdigar Lissafin Ayyuka.

An aiwatar da dokar da ta tsara sashen layin dogo, an samar da hanyoyin samar da doka da oda a cikin bangaren kuma an bude hanyar da kamfanoni masu zaman kansu ke tafiyar da harkokin sufurin jirgin kasa. A wannan mahallin, an gama tsarin rabuwa da layin dogo kamar yadda abubuwan more rayuwa da aikin jirgin kasa suka kammala.

Tsakanin shekarun 2023-2035 a cikin sashin jirgin ƙasa

Domin tallafawa hanyar tsakiya ta Tsakiyar Trans-Asia na kasar mu, 1.213 km daga 12.915 km zuwa 11.497 km, 11.497 km daga 12.293 km zuwa 2023 km cimma jimlar dogo na 25.208 km a XNUMX, don haka yana haɓakawa

Kammala sabunta hanyoyin duka layi,

●● raba sufurin jirgin ƙasa; haɓakawa zuwa% 10 a cikin fasinjoji da% 15 a cikin kaya,

Tabbatar da cewa zirga-zirgar ayyukan layin dogo da aka shimfida ana aiwatar dasu cikin yanayi mai kyau da dorewa,

Networkara hanyar sadarwar hanyar jirginmu zuwa 6.000 km ta hanyar gina 31.000 km ƙarin babban layin dogo,

Haɓaka hanyoyin samar da ababan hawa na sufuri da tsare tsare don tabbatar da hadewar hanyar sadarwa da sauran hanyoyin sufuri,

Kammala hanyoyin layin dogo da hanyoyin sadarwa a cikin Jiragen Yaki da Tsallaka Tsakiya da zama muhimmiyar hanyar layin dogo tsakanin kasashen Asiya-Turai-Afirka,

Is An yi niyya don isa ga 20% a cikin jigilar jirgin ƙasa da 15% a cikin jigilar fasinjoji.

10. Makasudin sassan layin dogo a cikin shirin Raha kamar haka:

A tsarin jigilar sufuri, yana da mahimmanci a yi amfani da hanyar zuwa hanya. Za'a haɓaka aikace-aikacen sufuri a cikin sufuri. Babban hanyar jirgin kasa mai saurin hawa, cibiyar Ankara;

●● Istanbul-Ankara-Sivas,

●● Ankara-Afyonkarahisar-Ankara,

●● Ankara-Konya,

●● Daga hanyoyin Istanbul-Eskişehir-Antalya
An kafa.

Kasancewar layin dogo daya a cikin fifiko dangane da tsananin zirga zirgar ababen hawa
za a ninka biyu.

Alamar siginar da samar da wutar lantarki wanda cibiyar sadarwa ke bukata za a hanzarta. Za'a tabbatar da bin ka'idodin fasaha da gudanarwa na aiki don tabbatar da jigilar fasinjoji da jituwa tare da Turai.

Za a gama aikin layin dogo da hanyoyin tashar jiragen ruwa. Cibiyar dabaru ta 12 (cibiyar binciken ababen hawa na 9 na buɗe don sabis), wanda a halin yanzu yana ƙarƙashin ginin da shirye-shiryen aikin, za a kammala.
A Turkey, a karon farko da wani dabaru kau da shirin ne da ake shirya. Za'a shirya cikakkiyar doka ta abubuwan dabaru. Kokarin da aka gabatar kan manufofin cigaban ya ci gaba cikin sauri

Turkey Railway Map

Neman Railway

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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