Komawa a cikin ɓangaren ƙirar jiragen kasa na kasa da kasa daga EU

Komawa a cikin ɓangaren ƙirar jiragen kasa na kasa da kasa daga EU
Hukumar Turai ta sanar da shirinta na karshe na haɗin aikin jiragen kasa kuma ta dauki mataki don sulhu da kasashe irin su Faransa da Jamus. A cikin wannan yanayin, kamfanoni na jihar za su iya kula da kayayyakin aikin jirgin kasa da kuma ma'aikatan fasinjoji.
Hukumar ta koma cikin shirinta don samar da kasuwancin da ya fi dacewa da kuma kara raguwa ta hanyar jiragen kasa, don ba da izini ga kasashen EU a kan hanyar kai fasinjoji da kaya zuwa hanyoyin rediyo.
Wannan kyauta ya ba da damar wadansu ƙasashe waɗanda ke da rinjaye na tsarin rediyo na gargajiya irin su Jamus da Faransa don samun kamfanonin da ke ba da kayan aiki, kayan haya da kuma fasinja, idan sun ba da gudummawa da kuma gudanar da aikin. Birtaniya, Sweden da wasu ƙasashe sun fi son tsarin da ake sarrafa kayan aiki daga jirgin.
Kamfanin Jamus Deutsche Bahn (DB) yana aiki ne a fannin kayan aiki, fasinja da kaya, kuma ya yi tsauri a Turai a fannin hidima masu girma. DB din ya yi nasara a kan cikakken rabuwa.
Kallas: Sauye-sauye ne 'm'
Mataimakin shugaban kasar da hukumar ta kai Siim Kallas, EU ta hudu Railway Kunshin ne 'quite m' An bayyana da kuma kasuwanni kamar WB wadanda suke so a mafi bude 'tsaye' tsakanin waɗanda suke a cikin ni'imar da tsarin 'a gamsarwa ma'auni' sãmi abin da suka ce .
Kallas, ya ce a taron manema labaru, 'Idan kun bayar da canjin wani abu a Turai [dokokin], kun fuskanci matsin lamba a kowane bangare,' inji shi.
Jamus tana da babbar ƙasa dangane da sufuri, kuma Jamus tana da ra'ayinta. Amma a gaba ɗaya, duk mun gama haɗin gwiwa. Akwai ra'ayoyi daban-daban game da tsarin kamfanoni, amma mun sami kyakkyawar hadin kai a kan wasu batutuwa.
kunshe-kunshe cewa gina a kan baya tunanin, cikakken bude zuwa gasar har zuwa shekara ta 2019 na cikin gida da fasinja da sabis da kuma Turai Railway Agency (Gaba), da karfafa rawar da bude gaban hakar aminci takardun shaida ga Railway EU ma'aikata suna kiran.
Ƙungiyar kuma tana nufin inganta haɓaka tsakanin ƙasashe ta hanyar gina cibiyar sadarwa na masu sarrafa kayan aikin da suke ginawa da kuma kula da hanyoyi. Wannan fitowar ta zama daya daga cikin matsaloli don fadadawa da kuma daidaita hanyoyin da suka yada a fadin nahiyar.
Akwai hanyoyi zuwa kasuwar kasuwa
25 shekara ta ɓace daga gabatar da kunshin majalisa na farko don kawo karin gasar zuwa kasuwar Turai da kuma samar da haɗin tafiye-tafiye da kayan haɗin kai zuwa ga hanyar jirgin kasa a cikin ƙasar 12 EU. Babu hanyar jirgin kasa a Malta da Cyprus.
Yawancin kasashe sun ci gaba da kare kamfanonin jiragen kasa na yanzu daga gasar, kuma matsalolin fasaha sun hana ci gaba a wannan yanki, kamar yadda batun ya faru a kan yankunan da suka shafi kamfanonin jiragen sama da hanyoyi.
Ana ganin ana amfani da hanyoyi mai kyau a matsayin hanyar da ta fi dacewa wajen shawo kan mummunar zirga-zirgar da ke cikin motoci da gurɓataccen lalacewar da motocin ke haifarwa. Duk da haka, demyels ci gaba da samun kasuwa maras kyau tare da 6 don ayyukan fasinja da kuma 10 don sabis na kaya.
212 a EU yana kan hanyar hanyar 5 da miliyoyin kilomita da kuma 42 bin 700 cikin ruwa mai zurfi a kan mota kilomita dari.
A yayin aiwatar da sabon shawarwari, Hukumar ta kara yawan jituwa game da zaɓuɓɓuka don matsawa irin wannan samfurin a Birtaniya kamar yadda ƙungiyar kamfanoni masu kamfanonin ke rabawa, irin su Jamus, ko kuma kayan aikin sadarwa da masu aikin rediyo.
Rashin gwagwarmaya
Jamus ta tilasta Hukumar ta saka idanu kan tsarinta, wanda aka yi amfani da ita a Austria, Czech Czech da Faransa. An yanke shawarar da kotun Tarayyar Turai 6 ta yanke a watan Satumbar ta goyan bayan Jamus.
A cikin Birtaniya, 1990s sun rushe hanyar Birtaniya ta Railways a hanyar da ta ba da izinin gasa daga kamfanoni, yayin da a wani bangaren kuma ya yanke shawarar raba ayyukan sarrafawa daga duk sauran ayyukan dogo. Netherlands, Poland, Spain da wasu ƙasashe sun bi hanyoyin.
Jam'iyyar 'yan tawayen Jamus, wadda ke wakiltar kamfanonin direbobi, suna kira ga hukumar su ci gaba da kasancewa cikin shirinta.
Wolfgang Meyer, shugaban kungiyar, a cikin wata wasika da ya rubuta wa Hukumar idan Hukumar karkacewa daga farko shawara ƙaddamar a karo na hudu Railway kunshin, da bangaren sufurin layin dogo a cikin Turai kowa kasuwar batun fitar daga baya fiye da kayan yau da kullum. Bisa ga matsayi na Deutsche Bahn, mun yi imanin cewa sauran jihohi zasu fuskanci hanyoyin da za su biyo baya: sake haɗuwa da hanyoyi da kuma rufe kasuwanninsu zuwa wasu hanyoyi. don tallafa wa hanyoyin rediyo tare da albarkatun kasa don haka za su fara samo tallafin talla; ko don canja kamfanonin jiragen kasa zuwa Deutsche Bahn '.
François Coart, shugaban kungiyar ƙungiyar Turai Railway Charging, ya kira kwamishinan don karfafa gasar a EU, don kada ya koma daga shirye-shiryensa don bambance tashar jiragen kasa da ayyuka. A cikin wasikar zuwa ga shugaban hukumar Jose Manuel Barroso, kafin sanarwar, Coart ya kira kwamitin ya bi ka'idodin farko na "bashi na tattalin arziki, tattalin arziki da kuma doka na masu kula da ayyukan samar da kayayyakin aiki".
Harafin, 'Babu ka'idoji ko tsarin kungiya, kasuwa ba zai iya buɗe samfurin a matsayin rabuwa ba' ya ce.
Shawarar Hukumar ba ta hana kamfanoni irin su DB ko Faransanci SNCF muddin suke rarraba aikin su da kuma kudi. Hakanan yana bada izinin kasashe su hana kamfanoni shiga kasuwanni idan sun kasa bi ka'idodin gwagwarmaya ta Hukumar 2019.
Kafin fasalin Runduna ta hudu, wadda za a gudanar da wani tsari na majalisar, an gabatar da shawarwari masu zuwa:
- 2001: Wurin farko na jirgin rediyo wanda shine tushen dalili na sufuri da haɗin kai.
- 2004: Rundunar jirgin kasa ta biyu, wadda ta kafa shekara ta 2007 a matsayin kwanan wata don ƙera jiragen kasa na zirga-zirga da kuma tayar da hanyoyi na yau da kullum don kare lafiyar hanya.
- 2007: Na uku rukunin jirgin kasa, wanda ke kira don saki ayyukan agaji na kasa da kasa a cikin 2010 kuma yana bada bayanin haƙƙin fasinja.
- 2012: Majalisa sun karbi fasalin da aka gyara, wanda ya hada ka'idojin 2001, 2004 da 2007, kuma yana sarrafa tsarin da inganta aikin masu aiki na zamani.


Source: http://www.euractiv.com.tr



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